A Bachelor of Science ( B.S., BS, B.Sc., BSc, or B.Sc; or, less commonly, S.B., SB, or Sc.B., from the equivalent Latin Scientiae Baccalaureus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for completed courses that generally last three to five years, or a person holding such a degree.
Whether a student of a particular subject is awarded a Bachelor of Science degree or a Bachelor of Arts degree can vary between universities. For example, an economics degree may be given as a Bachelor of Arts (BA) by one university but as a BS by another, and some universities offer the choice of either.Some liberal arts colleges in the United States offer only the BA, even in the natural sciences, while some universities offer only the BS even in non-science fields. Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service awards Bachelor of Science in Foreign Service degrees to all of its undergraduates, although many major in humanities-oriented fields such as international history and culture and politics.
The London School of Economics offers BSc degrees in practically all subject areas, even those normally associated with arts degrees, while the Oxbridge universities almost exclusively award arts qualifications. In both instances, there are historical and traditional reasons. Northwestern University’s School of Communication grants BSc degrees in all of its programs of study, including theater, dance, and radio/television/film. University of California, Berkeley grants BS degree in Environmental Economics and Policy in College of Natural Resources (CNR), BS degree in Business Administration in Haas School of Business and BA degree in Environmental Economics and Policy in College of Letters and Science (L&S). Cornell University offers a BS degree in Computer Science from its College of Engineering and a BA degree in Computer Science from its College of Arts and Sciences.
Courses & Duration
There are a wide range of courses available for the students in the Science stream. The students may go for a plain B.Sc or he might choose B.Sc. (honors). The students who are interested in the computer and information technology field can go for B.Sc. (Computer Science/IT).
Students who have an academic background of science at 10+2 level, they can pursue B.Sc programme in various branches.
The B.Sc. degree course is classified in to two categories as mentioned below:
1. Simple B.Sc. Course: These courses include the traditional B.Sc. courses. These are mentioned below:
- B.Sc. (PCM)
- B.Sc. (Physics)
- B.Sc. (Chemistry)
- B.Sc. (Maths)
- B.Sc. (Zoology)
- B.Sc. (Statistics)
- B.Sc. (Botany)
- B.Sc. (Home Science)
2. Professional B.Sc. Courses: The professional B.Sc. courses cover the professional job oriented courses these include:
- BSc (Agriculture)
- BSc (Animation)
- B.Sc. (Aquaculture)
- B.Sc. (Aviation)
- B.Sc. (Biochemistry)
- B.Sc. (Bioinformatics)
- B.Sc. (Computer Science)
- B.Sc. (Dietetics)
- B.Sc. (Electronic)
- B.Sc. (Fashion Technology)
- B.Sc. (Food Technology)
- B.Sc. (Forensic Science)
- B.Sc. (Forestry)
- B.Sc. (Medical Technology)
- B.Sc. (Microbiology)
- B.Sc. (Multimedia)
- B.Sc. (Nautical Science)
- B.Sc. (Nursing)
- B.Sc. (Nutrition)
- B.Sc. (Physiotherapy)
- B.Sc. (Psychology)
- B.Sc. (Genetics)
- B.Sc. (Information Technology)
- B.Sc. (Interior Design)
Students, those opt for any of the given fields will have the opportunity to find good jobs in both public and private sectors .
- The admission to the various B.Sc. courses are done on the basis of qualifying class 12th examinations in (PCM/B ) stream.
- Candidates must have passed/appearing in the class 12th can apply for the B.Sc programmes as per their choice and preference.
Career & Jobs:
Just like an academic courses, students who have a B.Sc degree also have an excellent employment opportunities. Jobs for B.Sc graduates are not just restricted in the field of science but also they can explore others areas like management, engineering, law etc.
After the completion of the B.Sc course, students can work in various areas which include both science & non-science fields.
The job opportunities available for the students are not only great in terms of salary package, but also a satisfying job experience.
There are various opportunities available for the students after B.Sc. the students can go in a research field, in some colleges the students are recruited directly by the big organizations at a very good salary package, some professional B.Sc. courses like animation and IT open the door of animation and IT industry for the graduates, the other professional B.Sc. field also have vast career opportunities.
Apart from the research jobs, students can also work or get jobs in Marketing, Business & Other technical fields. Science graduates also recruited in the bank sector to work as customer service executives. Students can also find employment in government sectors.
- Scientific Assistant
- Research analyst
- Technical Writer/Editor
- Clinical Research Manager
Employment Areas for B.Sc graduates
- Educational Institutes
- Space Research Institutes
- Health Care Providers
- Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology Industry
- Chemical Industry
- Environmental Management and Conservation
- Forensic Crime Research
- Research Firms
- Testing Laboratories
- Geological Survey Departments
- Wastewater Plants
- Forest Services
- Oil Industry
A graduation degree in science will allow the students to learn, work and get jobs not only in India but also in abroad.
The salary of an individual in this field depends in which field he is working; some professional B.Sc. courses like IT and Computer Science have very good scope and pays handsome salary to the deserving students. The starting salary in this field may range from Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 30,000.
After gaining a good experience in a respective field, student may earn Rs. 60,000 to 80, 000 per month.